Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a comprehensive cognitive-behavioral treatment. CBT is based on social learning theory, which emphasizes that one’s thoughts interact with one’s feelings and as a result impact one’s behavior.
Cognitive behavioral therapy has been found to be effective in hundreds of clinical trials for many different disorders including anxiety and depression.
CBT has two critical components: Functional Analysis and Skills Training.
- Functional Analysis is a fundamental process in assisting the participant and clinician assess high-risk situations, gain insight into triggers, and introduce CBT concepts.
- Skills training is a highly individualized process developed to help the participant unlearn old habits associated with maladaptive thinking and behaviors and to learn or relearn healthier and more adaptive skills.
In addition, skills can improve interpersonal functioning, enhance social supports, and help the clients learn to tolerate difficult feelings. There are many different types and/or applications of CBT. All methods focus on cognitive restructuring, modifying behavior, and developing alternative coping strategies to reduce and manage symptoms.